Posts : 295
Join date : 2012-01-04
Age : 28
Location : Follow the wolf.. and you will find the beauty of nature.
|Subject: Fire Department Handbook Sat Jan 14, 2012 2:45 am|| |
Fire Department Handbook
To understand our working system you need to read step by step.
- When responding
- Arriving on scene
This handbook will teach you the theoretic handlings when fighting a basic fire, these basic fires
mainly include; car fires, brush fires, garbage fires ect... In theory "easy" to handle or small in size.
This is made in addition to the Basic Fire class in the academy department.
When you get a call in the station you rush to the fire truck and you turn on the engine.
The reason why you need to turn the engine on for about 30 seconds is to avoid overheating the engine.
The engine needs to gain some temperature before it can function normally. When the engine is turned on
you get out and you should always equip your bunker gear. This must be done in the HQ before responding
or in the fire truck itself while on route. Do not do this while at the scene since that will cost you precious time.
Your bunker gear always exists out of the: turnout pants, turnout coat, turnout boots, structural gloves and your helmet.
When you leave the station and while on route you always maintain the speed limits and you turn on the lights and sirens.
Using the megaphone is required, so other drivers will hear you coming from a long distance. When approaching an intersection
you switch sirens, use the megaphone and you slow down. When you see that the other drivers have noticed you and
when you see that the intersection is clear of traffic you may cross it.
Arriving on scene
When you arrive at the scene you must asses the scene/situation, the first unit on scene always does the assessment.
Assessment includes checking the fire itself, any damage to objects/structures that could interfere your work and check for victims.
Once this is done radio in the situation to dispatch or the incident commander and if needed, request for back up.
Also don't be afraid to call SASP for support. It's their job to close off the area so you and your colleagues can work safely.
Once you assessed the scene its time to make your preparations before fighting the fire. Here is a list in order
of what you should do in your preparations:
- Take a supply hose line out of the hose bed.
Connect the supply line to the hydrant
and the engine's fire pump.
When both sides are good connected you must do a quick check if there are no objects obstructing the hose
that could prevent any decent water flow. After this you may turn the hydrant open so the water
will start to flow trough the hose. After that you can enable the fire pump , by enabling the fire pump
your truck is constantly being supplied of water.
Note: Do not enable the fire pump first and then the hydrant, because in this case
the fire pump would just suck/pump air instead of water.
Note: If a hydrant is to far away from the scene you can do what we name "hydrant jumping". This contains
that an engine will drive to the nearest hydrant. The passenger will step out and he will partially take the
supply hose line out of the hose bed. Then the fire engine driver will drive forwards towards the scene and the
hose is being rolled out by itself since the engine is moving.
- When you are sure your truck is being supplied by water you may roll out an attack line from the hose bed.
You connect the attack line to the fire pump, if needed you must attach a nossle to it.
After that you move forwards to the fire. The engine's engineer will turn open the valves and he/she will
control the pressure that is set on the attack line. When water is running trough the attack line you
may start extinguishing the fire.
- When extinguishing the fire you never go alone. You always go with at least 2 people on the attack line.
One person who will aim and spray the water. The second person will always stay right behind the first one. The
second person will create extra stability because holding a hose that is under pressure on your own isn't that easy.
- After you think that the fire is extinguished you MUST do a last check. In this check you will search for any
hotspots. Hotspots are areas in the fire area that can't be seen or witch are very difficult to see. You always
must check for hotspots since they can reset the whole place on fire again. To do this you use a thermal
vision camera. You check at each exposure of the fire to make sure that no hotspots are left. When this is done
and when there are no hotspots left you may pack up.
Exposures: With exposures we mean the different sides of a fire. The back, right, front and left side.
Maybe better known as 12 o' clock, 3 o' clock ect ...
Basic / Advanced fire fighting instructor
Head of Academy
((CREDITS TO ZANE DELANGE))